The city of Tallinn stands on a site that has been settled for around 5,000 years. The first fortress was erected on Tallinn's Toompea hill in 1050 and since that point the town's critical strategic position as a centre of trade routes and nordic travel hub made it the epicentre of power struggles.
The city was part of a number of different countries and empires ranging from German ownership as part of the Hanseatic League in the 13th and 14th century to a Teutonic Knight order, Swedish, Russian and Danish rule.
The old city of Tallinn contrasts sharply with the rest of the city. Heavily remodelled during the Communist-influenced 20th century, many of Tallinn's suburbs are covered with rows upon rows of monolithic blocks of flats.
Despite this and the prominent rise of a Financial City overlooking the Old Town, Tallinn's historic centre is thriving as a popular tourist hub. Thorough renovation have ensured that this beautiful city is a rare example of a well-preserved medieval town complete with numerous churches and an intact city wall.
Most of the city's attractions lie within or very close to these walls, so by far the best way to explore the city is by foot. Plenty of street cafés and beer gardens dotted around the Old Town make for a great break in-between sight seeing and visiting museums.
Throughout the Year
Tallinn Town Hall Square
Estonia Tallinn 10146