When you visit the Ġgantija Temples in Gozo, you step way, way back in history - all the way back to 3600 BC. These two side-by-side megalithic temples are some of the oldest buildings in the world, preceding even Stonehenge and the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt, and the second oldest remaining manmade religious structures after Göbekli Tepe in Turkey. With such an impressive claim to fame it should come as no surprise that Ġgantija is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site!
Amazingly, the Ġgantija Temples aren’t the only megalithic structures in Gozo; this 67-square-metre island is also home to Ħaġar Qim temple (founded in 3700-3200 BC) and the Mnajdra temples complex, which was built around the same time. It's also nearby to the 18th-century Ta' Kola Windmill, another important Gozo landmark which was built durnig the Knights' Period.
Ġgantija (pronounced gha-ti-dja) was constructed from 50-tonne dry walls made from Coralline and Globigerina limestone. It is believed that religious ceremonies and sacrificial rituals took place in these temples, most likely involving animals (the remains of elephant and hippo bones have been discovered in some of the altars).
The name Ġgantija is derived from the word ġgant, which is Maltese for ‘giants’, as previous civilisations believed that the animal bones found there actually belonged to a breed of giant humans that once inhabited the temples.
Travel tip: Reduced price tickets are available between 4:30pm and 5:30pm in the summer time.
January 2nd to May 31st
June 1st to September 30th
October 1st to December 30th
Entry to Ġgantija Temples and Ta' Kola Windmill
John Otto Bayer Street