Evora is one of Portugal's most charming and liveable cities, with a history dating back thousands of years to boot. Located in the south-central part of the country in the Alentejo region, Évora has a plethora of interesting things to see - not least of which is the ancient Roman Temple of Diana that stands in the town centre, a living reminder of Evora's past. Evora has such a rich history, in fact, that the entire walled town was granted UNESCO World Heritage status in 1986.
The Romans first conquered the town back in 57 BC, and Julius Caesar himself named it Liberalitas Julia (Julian generosity). These days, people visit Evora to see its many historic sights, wander its magical cobbled streets and sample the regions sensational cuisine. The magnificent Gothic Cathedral of Evora is also definitely worth a visit, if only to ascend to the roof to watch the sunset.
Evora is an easy day trip from Lisbon (1.5 hours by car or about 2 hours by train). If you've got a car, take some time to drive around the town and see the Aqueduto da Água de Prata (Silver Water Aqueduct) and marvel at how its architecture has been integrated into the city's homes and shops.