The Alhambra is a sublime fortress perched atop the Assabica hill overlooking the city of Granada. The complex is fairly large and preservation work is on continuously to restore and conserve this UNESCO World Heritage site. There is a lot to see inside with a few key sights:
The Alhambra is one of the best preserved and certainly one of the most outstanding pieces of classical Islamic architecture. Built in the 14th century as the central stronghold of the Nasrid Emirate, it juxtaposed an unassailable fortress with the beauty and intricate detail of the stunning palaces inside.
Early smaller-scale constructions on the present site were present since the late 9th century and it was not until 1238 that a decision was taken to erect a magnificent palace complex by Abdallah ibn al-Ahmar. The original plan was adhered to with very few changes as construction went on for 150 years with the entire palace completed by 1391.
Very soon after, Spanish forces attacked the last remaining Arab outpost on Iberian peninsula as King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabel I of Castile used the joint power of their kingdoms. Luckily enough, the invading forces superiority meant that the Nasrid rulers handed over the complex without a fight meaning much of the structure is relatively well preserved to this day.
Spanish rulers changed some of the internal layout with the Winter Palace destroyed to make way for the imposing Palacio de Carlos V early in the 16th century and a number of towers and buildings dismantled by a succession of rulers.
This neglect over the course of a number of centuries led to the Alhambra's gradual deterioration. It was not until the 19th century that the Alhambra regained its popularity and work recommenced to preserve this beautiful monument under Ferdinand VII.
October 15th to December 31st
January 1st to March 31st
April 1st to October 14th
Alhambra at Night